I. noun Etymology: Middle English chek, from Anglo-French eschec, from Arabic shāh, from Persian, literally, king; akin to Greek ktasthai to acquire, Sanskrit kṣatra dominion Date: 15th century 1. exposure of a chess king to an attack from which he must be protected or moved to safety 2. a. a sudden stoppage of a forward course or progress ; arrest b. a checking of an opposing player (as in ice hockey) 3. a sudden pause or break in a progression 4. archaic reprimand, rebuke 5. one that arrests, limits, or restrains ; restraint <
against all checks, rebukes, and manners, I must advance — Shakespeare
6. a. a standard for testing and evaluation ; criterion b. examination <
a quick check of the engine
c. inspection, investigation <
a loyalty check on government employees
d. the act of testing or verifying; also the sample or unit used for testing or verifying 7. a written order directing a bank to pay money as instructed ; draft 8. a. a ticket or token showing ownership or identity or indicating payment made <
a baggage check
b. a counter in various games c. a slip indicating the amount due ; bill 9. [Middle English chek, short for cheker checker] a. a pattern in squares that resembles a checkerboard b. a fabric woven or printed with such a design 10. a mark typically ✓ placed beside an item to show it has been noted, examined, or verified 11. crack, breakcheckless adjective II. verb Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. to put (a chess king) in check 2. chiefly dialect rebuke, reprimand 3. a. to slow or bring to a stop ; brake <
hastily checked the impulse
b. to block the progress of (as a hockey player) 4. a. to restrain or diminish the action or force of ; control b. to slack or ease off and then belay again (as a rope) 5. a. to compare with a source, original, or authority ; verify <
needs to check her facts
b. to inspect, examine, or look at appraisingly — usually used with out or over <
checking out new cars
c. to mark with a check as examined, verified, or satisfactory — often used with off <
checked off each item
6. a. to consign (as luggage) to a common carrier from which one has purchased a passenger ticket <
checked our bags before boarding
b. to ship or accept for shipment under such a consignment 7. to mark into squares ; checker 8. to leave or accept for safekeeping in a checkroom <
check a coat
9. to make checks or chinks ; cause to crack <
the sun checks timber
intransitive verb 1. a. of a dog to stop in a chase especially when scent is lost b. to halt through caution, uncertainty, or fear ; stop 2. a. to investigate conditions <
checked on the passengers' safety
b. to prove to be consistent or truthful <
the description checks with the photograph
— often used with out <
the story checked out
3. to draw a check on a bank 4. to waive the right to initiate the betting in a round of poker 5. crack, split Synonyms: see restrain III. inter — used to express assent or agreement

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • check-up — [ (t)ʃɛkɶp ] n. m. inv. • v. 1960; mot angl. « vérification complète », de to check « vérifier » ♦ Anglic. Examen systématique de l état de santé d une personne (équiv. fr. : bilan de santé). Examen d une situation pour en tirer un bilan. ⇒ audit …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • check — [chek] n. [ME chek < OFr eschec, eschac, a check at chess, repulse < ML scaccus, scahus < Pers šāh, king, principal piece in a game of chess (see SHAH1); prob. sense development: king in danger hostile action restraining action means of… …   English World dictionary

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