noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1887 a plastid that contains chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis — see cell illustrationchloroplastic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Chloroplast — Chlo ro*plast, n. [Pref. chloro + Gr. ? to mold, form.] (Biol.) A plastid containing chlorophyll, developed only in cells exposed to the light. Chloroplasts are minute flattened granules, usually occurring in great numbers in the cytoplasm near… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chloroplast — chloroplast. См. хлоропласт. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • chloroplast — 1887, shortened from Ger. chloroplastid (1884), from CHLORO (Cf. chloro ) + PLAST (Cf. plast) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chloroplast — ► NOUN ▪ a structure in green plant cells which contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. ORIGIN from Greek khl ros green + plastos formed …   English terms dictionary

  • chloroplast — [klôr′ə plast΄] n. [ CHLORO + PLAST] a green, oval plastid containing chlorophyll and carotenoids and found in the cytoplasm of green plants and blue green algae: see CHROMOPLAST, PHOTOSYNTHESIS …   English World dictionary

  • Chloroplast — Simplified structure of a chloroplast Chloroplasts (English pronunciation: /ˈklɒrəplæsts/) are organelles found in plant cells and other eukaryotic organisms that conduct photosynthesis. Chloroplasts capture light energy to conserve …   Wikipedia

  • Chloroplast — Chloroplasten in der Blattspreite des Laubmooses Plagiomnium affine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chloroplast — chloroplastic, adj. /klawr euh plast , klohr /, n. Bot. a plastid containing chlorophyll. See diag. under cell. [1885 90; CHLORO(PHYLL) + PLAST] * * * Microscopic, ellipsoidal organelle in a green plant cell. It is the site of photosynthesis. It… …   Universalium

  • chloroplast — UK [ˈklɔːrəʊplæst] / US [ˈklɔroʊˌplæst] noun [countable] Word forms chloroplast : singular chloroplast plural chloroplasts biology a part of a plant cell that contains chlorophyll and where photosynthesis takes place …   English dictionary

  • chloroplast — Photosynthetic organelle of higher plants. Lens shaped and rather variable in size but approximately 5µm long. Surrounded by a double membrane and contains circular DNA (though not enough to code for all proteins in the chloroplast). Like the… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • chloroplast — chloroplastas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Chlorofilo turinti augalo ląstelės plastidė, kurioje vyksta fotosintezė. atitikmenys: angl. chloroplast rus. хлоропласт …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

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