I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin affectus, from afficere Date: 14th century 1. obsolete feeling, affection 2. the conscious subjective aspect of an emotion considered apart from bodily changes; also a set of observable manifestations of a subjectively experienced emotion <
patients…showed perfectly normal reactions and affects — Oliver Sacks
Usage: see effect II. verb Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French affecter, from Latin affectare, frequentative of afficere to influence, from ad- + facere to do — more at do Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. archaic to aim at 2. a. archaic to have affection for b. to be given to ; fancy <
affect flashy clothes
3. to make a display of liking or using ; cultivate <
affect a worldly manner
4. to put on a pretense of ; feign <
affect indifference, though deeply hurt
5. to tend toward <
drops of water affect roundness
6. frequent intransitive verb obsolete incline 2 Synonyms: see assume Usage: see effect III. transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from affectus, past participle of afficere Date: 15th century to produce an effect upon: as a. to produce a material influence upon or alteration in <
paralysis affected his limbs
b. to act upon (as a person or a person's mind or feelings) so as to effect a response ; influence Usage: see effectaffectability nounaffectable adjective Synonyms: affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway mean to produce or have an effect upon. affect implies the action of a stimulus that can produce a response or reaction <
the sight affected her to tears
. influence implies a force that brings about a change (as in nature or behavior) <
our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing
. touch may carry a vivid suggestion of close contact and may connote stirring, arousing, or harming <
plants touched by frost
his emotions were touched by her distress
. impress stresses the depth and persistence of the effect <
only one of the plans impressed him
. strike similar to but weaker than impress, may convey the notion of sudden sharp perception or appreciation <
struck by the solemnity of the occasion
. sway implies the acting of influences that are not resisted or are irresistible, with resulting change in character or course of action <
politicians who are swayed by popular opinion

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • affect — [ afɛkt ] n. m. • 1908; all. Affekt; a. fr. et XVIe « état, disposition »; du lat. affectus, comme l all. ♦ Psychol. État affectif élémentaire. Les sensations et les affects. ● affect nom masculin (allemand Affekt) Processus de décharge de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • affect — simulate, *assume, pretend, feign, counterfeit, sham affect 1 Affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway are more or less closely synonymous when they mean to produce or to have an effect upon a person or upon a thing capable of a reaction.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Affect — Af*fect , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Affected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Affecting}.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of afficere. See {Fact}.] 1. To act upon; to produce an …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affect — affect, effect 1. These two words are often confused. It should be remembered that effect is most common as a noun meaning ‘a result or consequence’ • (In England, at any rate, education produces no effect whatsoever Oscar Wilde) and that affect… …   Modern English usage

  • affect — Ⅰ. affect [1] ► VERB 1) make a difference to; have an effect on. 2) touch the feelings of. DERIVATIVES affecting adjective. USAGE Affect and effect are frequently confused …   English terms dictionary

  • affect — I verb act on, adficere, bear upon, cause to alter, cause to vary, change, commovere, conduce, exert influence, have an effect upon, have influence, impress, induce, influence, introduce a change, make a change, play a direct part, prevail upon,… …   Law dictionary

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