I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger Date: 13th century 1. a. obsolete a material load or weight b. a figure borne on a heraldic field 2. a. the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold b. the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge c. a store or accumulation of impelling force <
the deeply emotional charge of the drama
d. a definite quantity of electricity; especially an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body e. thrill, kick <
got a charge out of the game
3. a. obligation, requirement b. management, supervision <
has charge of the home office
c. the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (as a parish) committed to a clergyman d. a person or thing committed to the care of another 4. a. instruction, command b. instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury 5. a. expense, cost <
gave the banquet at his own charge
b. the price demanded for something <
no admission charge
c. a debit to an account <
the purchase was a charge
d. the record of a loan (as of a book from a library) e. British an interest in property granted as security for a loan 6. a. a formal assertion of illegality <
a charge of murder
b. a statement of complaint or hostile criticism <
denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
7. a. (1) a violent rush forward (as to attack) <
the charge of the brigade
(2) the signal for attack <
sound the charge
b. a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (as basketball) II. verb (charged; charging) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. archaic to lay or put a load on or in ; load b. (1) to place a charge (as of powder) in (2) to load or fill to capacity c. (1) to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge (2) to give an electric charge to <
charge a capacitor
d. (1) to assume as a heraldic bearing (2) to place a heraldic bearing on e. to fill or furnish fully <
the music is charged with excitement
f. electrify 2 <
the crowd was charged by her performance
2. a. to impose a task or responsibility on <
charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b. to command, instruct, or exhort with authority <
I charge you not to go
c. of a judge to give a charge to (a jury) 3. a. to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame <
charges him with armed robbery
they were charged as being instigators
b. to place the guilt or blame for <
charge her failure to negligence
c. to assert as an accusation <
charges that he distorted the data
4. a. to bring (a weapon) into position for attack ; level <
charge a lance
b. to rush against ; attack; also to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports 5. a. (1) to impose a financial burden on <
charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) to impose or record as financial obligation <
charge debts to an estate
b. (1) to fix or ask as fee or payment <
charges $50 for an office visit
(2) to ask payment of (a person) <
charge a client for expenses
c. to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability <
charged a new sofa
intransitive verb 1. to rush forward in or as if in assault ; attack; also to charge an opponent in sports 2. to ask or set a price <
do you charge for this service?
3. to charge an item to an account <
charge now, pay later
Synonyms: see command

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • charge — [ ʃarʒ ] n. f. • XIIe; de charger I ♦ 1 ♦ Ce qui pèse sur; ce que porte ou peut porter une personne, un animal, un véhicule, un bâtiment. ⇒ faix, fardeau, poids. Lourde charge. Ployer sous la charge. « les charges laissées aux femmes par nos… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chargé — charge [ ʃarʒ ] n. f. • XIIe; de charger I ♦ 1 ♦ Ce qui pèse sur; ce que porte ou peut porter une personne, un animal, un véhicule, un bâtiment. ⇒ faix, fardeau, poids. Lourde charge. Ployer sous la charge. « les charges laissées aux femmes par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • charge — CHARGE. s. f. Faix, fardeau. Charge pesante, excessive, légère. On a donné trop de charge à ce mur, à ce plancher. f♛/b] l signifie aussi Ce que peut porter une personne, un animal, un vaisseau, ou autre chose semblable. La charge d un mulet, d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • charge — Charge, ou fardeau, Onus. Une charge et charté, Vehes, vehis. La charge qu on baille à aucun pour faire quelque chose, Actus, Mandatum, Ministerium, Negotium, Onus. Toute charge qu on prend, ou qu on baille à faire, Prouincia. Une charge… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • charge — CHARGE. s. f. Faix, fardeau que porte une personne, un animal, un vaisseau, un mur, un plancher, ou autre chose semblable. Charge pesante, excessive, legere. Charge de cotrets, de fagots, Ce qu un Crocheteur peut porter à la fois. Charge de bled …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • charge — 1 n 1 a: something required: obligation b: personal management or supervision put the child in his charge c: a person or thing placed under the care of another 2: an authoritative instr …   Law dictionary

  • chargé — chargé, ée (char jé, jée) part. passé. 1°   Qui a reçu une charge. Les épaules chargées d un lourd fardeau. La charrette mal chargée par les hommes de service. Un navire chargé. •   Deux mulets cheminaient, l un d avoine chargé...., LA FONT. Fabl …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Charge — or charged may refer to: Charge (basketball), illegal contact by pushing or moving into another player s torso Charge (fanfare), a six note trumpet or bugle piece denoting the call to rush forward Charge (heraldry), any object depicted on a… …   Wikipedia

  • Charge — Charge, n. [F. charge, fr. charger to load. See {Charge}, v. t., and cf. {Cargo}, {Caricature}.] 1. A load or burder laid upon a person or thing. [1913 Webster] 2. A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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