I. adjective Etymology: Middle English fager, fair, from Old English fæger; akin to Old High German fagar beautiful Date: before 12th century 1. pleasing to the eye or mind especially because of fresh, charming, or flawless quality 2. superficially pleasing ; specious <
she trusted his fair promises
3. a. clean, pure <
fair sparkling water
b. clear, legible 4. not stormy or foul ; fine <
fair weather
5. ample <
a fair estate
6. a. marked by impartiality and honesty ; free from self-interest, prejudice, or favoritism <
a very fair person to do business with
b. (1) conforming with the established rules ; allowed (2) consonant with merit or importance ; due <
a fair share
c. open to legitimate pursuit, attack, or ridicule <
fair game
7. a. promising, likely <
in a fair way to win
b. favorable to a ship's course <
a fair wind
8. archaic free of obstacles 9. not dark <
fair skin
10. a. sufficient but not ample ; adequate <
a fair understanding of the work
b. moderately numerous, large, or significant <
takes a fair amount of time
11. being such to the utmost ; utter <
a fair treat to watch him — New Republic
fairness noun Synonyms: fair, just, equitable, impartial, unbiased, dispassionate, objective mean free from favor toward either or any side. fair implies an elimination of one's own feelings, prejudices, and desires so as to achieve a proper balance of conflicting interests <
a fair decision
. just implies an exact following of a standard of what is right and proper <
a just settlement of territorial claims
. equitable implies a less rigorous standard than just and usually suggests equal treatment of all concerned <
the equitable distribution of the property
. impartial stresses an absence of favor or prejudice <
an impartial third party
. unbiased implies even more strongly an absence of all prejudice <
your unbiased opinion
. dispassionate suggests freedom from the influence of strong feeling and often implies cool or even cold judgment <
a dispassionate summation of the facts
. objective stresses a tendency to view events or persons as apart from oneself and one's own interest or feelings <
I can't be objective about my own child
. Synonym: see in addition beautiful. II. noun Date: before 12th century 1. obsolete beauty, fairness 2. something that is fair or fortunate 3. archaic woman; especially sweetheart III. adverb Date: before 12th century 1. in a fair manner <
play fair
2. chiefly British fairly 3 <
fair makes you want to cry
IV. verb Date: 1819 intransitive verb of the weather clear transitive verb to join so that the external surfaces blend smoothly V. noun Etymology: Middle English feire, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin feria weekday, fair, from Late Latin, festal day, from Latin feriae (plural) holidays — more at feast Date: 13th century 1. a gathering of buyers and sellers at a particular place and time for trade 2. a. a competitive exhibition usually with accompanying entertainment and amusements <
an agricultural fair
b. an exhibition designed to acquaint prospective buyers or the general public with a product <
a book fair
c. an exposition that promotes the availability of services or opportunities <
health fairs
job fairs
3. a sale of assorted articles usually for a charitable purpose

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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