I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Latin retrogradus, from retrogradi Date: 14th century 1. a. (1) having or being motion in a direction contrary to that of the general motion of similar bodies and especially east to west among the stars <
Saturn is retrograde for another week
the retrograde motion of Mercury
(2) having or being a direction of rotation or revolution that is clockwise as viewed from the north pole of the sky or a planet <
a retrograde orbit
b. (1) moving, occurring, or performed in a backward direction <
a retrograde step
(2) occurring or performed in a direction opposite to the normal or forward direction of conduction or flow <
retrograde ejaculation
— compare anterograde 1 c. contrary to the normal order ; inverse 2. tending toward or resulting in a worse or previous state 3. archaic contradictory, opposed 4. characterized by retrogression 5. affecting memories of a period prior to a shock or seizure <
retrograde amnesia
6. retro <
retrograde fashion
retrogradely adverb II. adverb Date: circa 1619 backward, reversely III. verb Etymology: Latin retrogradi, from retro- + gradi to go — more at grade Date: 1582 transitive verb archaic to turn back ; reverse intransitive verb 1. a. to go back ; retreat b. to go back over or recapitulate something 2. to decline to a worse condition

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • rétrograde — [ retrɔgrad ] adj. • XIVe; lat. retrogradus, rac. gradi; cf. grade, graduel ♦ Qui va en arrière. 1 ♦ Math. Sens rétrograde, opposé au sens direct. Rotation dans le sens rétrograde, dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre. ⇒ dextrorsum .… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, a. [L. retrogradus, from retrogradi, retrogressus, to retrograde; retro back + gradi to step: cf. F. r[ e]trograde. See {Grade}.] 1. (Astron.) Apparently moving backward, and contrary to the succession of the signs, that is, from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Retrograde — may refer to: * Retrograde signaling, in neuroscience * Retrograde, a type of musical permutation * Retrograde and direct motion, the movement of an astronomical object * Retrograde ejaculation, in medicine * Retrograde menstruation occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • Retrograde — Rétrograde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Retrograded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Retrograding}.] [L. retrogradare, retrogradi: cf. F. r[ e]trograder.] 1. To go in a retrograde direction; to move, or appear to move, backward, as a planet. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • retrograde — adj *backward, retrogressive, regressive Analogous words: reversed, inverted (see REVERSE vb): relapsing, lapsing, backsliding (see LAPSE vb) retrograde vb *recede, retreat, back, retract Analogous words: *retur …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • retrograde — ► ADJECTIVE 1) directed or moving backwards. 2) (of the order of something) reversed; inverse. 3) reverting to an earlier and inferior condition. 4) chiefly Astronomy proceeding in a reverse direction from normal, especially (of planetary motion) …   English terms dictionary

  • retrograde — [re′trə grād΄] adj. [ME < L retrogradus < retrogradi, to go backward: see RETRO & GRADE] 1. moving or directed backward; retiring or retreating 2. inverse or reverse: said of order 3. going back or tending to go back to an earlier, esp.… …   English World dictionary

  • retrograde — index decadent, decay, depreciate, deteriorate, recidivate, regress, regressive, relapse, return ( …   Law dictionary

  • retrograde — late 14c., originally of the apparent motions of planets, from L. retrogradus going backward, from retrogradi move backward, from retro backward (see RETRO (Cf. retro )) + gradi to go, step (see GRADE (Cf. grade) (n.)). General sense of tending… …   Etymology dictionary

  • retrograde — Retrograde. adj. Il ne se dit que des Planetes, lorsqu elles se meuvent contre l ordre des signes, qu elles vont du Taureau, par exemple dans le Belier. Les Planetes paroissent plus grandes quand elles sont retrogrades. le soleil ni la lune ne… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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