I. noun Etymology: Middle English scrue, from Middle French escroe female screw, nut, from Medieval Latin scrofa, from Latin, sow Date: 15th century 1. a. a simple machine of the inclined plane type consisting of a spirally grooved solid cylinder and a correspondingly grooved hollow cylinder into which it fits b. a nail-shaped or rod-shaped piece with a spiral groove and a slotted or recessed head designed to be inserted into material by rotating (as with a screwdriver) and used for fastening pieces of solid material together 2. a. a screwlike form ; spiral b. a turn of a screw; also a twist like the turn of a screw c. a screwlike device (as a corkscrew) 3. a worn-out horse 4. chiefly British a small packet (as of tobacco) 5. a prison guard 6. a person who bargains shrewdly; also skinflint 7. a propeller especially of a ship 8. a. thumbscrew 1 b. pressure or punitive measures intended to coerce — used chiefly in the phrase put the screws on or put the screws to 9. a. usually vulgar an act of sexual intercourse b. usually vulgar a partner in sexual intercourse • screwlike adjective II. verb Date: 1605 transitive verb 1. a. (1) to attach, fasten, or close by means of a screw (2) to unite or separate by means of a screw or a twisting motion <
screw the two pieces together
(3) to press tightly in a device (as a vise) operated by a screw (4) to operate, tighten, or adjust by means of a screw (5) to torture by means of a thumbscrew b. to cause to rotate spirally about an axis 2. a. (1) to twist into strained configurations ; contort <
screwed up his face
(2) squint (3) crumple b. to furnish with a spiral groove or ridge ; thread 3. to increase the intensity, quantity, or capability of <
trying to screw up courage to confess — Will Scott
4. a. (1) to mistreat or exploit through extortion, trickery, or unfair actions; especially to deprive of or cheat out of something due or expected <
screwed out of a job
(2) to treat so as to bring about injury or loss (as to a person's reputation) <
use the available Federal machinery to screw our political enemies — J. W. Dean III
— often used as a generalized curse <
screw you!
b. to extract by pressure or threat 5. usually vulgar to copulate with intransitive verb 1. to rotate like or as a screw 2. to turn or move with a twisting or writhing motion 3. usually vulgar copulatescrewer noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Screw — (skr[udd]), n. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe, female screw, F. [ e]crou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef a screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr[=u]fa.] 1. A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • screw — [skro͞o] n. [ME screwe < MFr escroue, hole in which the screw turns < L scrofa, sow, infl. by scrobis, vulva] 1. a) a mechanical device for fastening things together, consisting essentially of a cylindrical or conical piece of metal… …   English World dictionary

  • Screw — Screw, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Screwed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Screwing}.] 1. To turn, as a screw; to apply a screw to; to press, fasten, or make firm, by means of a screw or screws; as, to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • screw — screw·able; screw; screw·drive; screw·driv·er; screw·er; screw·less; screw·man; un·screw; cork·screw; …   English syllables

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  • screw up — {v. phr.}, {slang}, {semi vulgar}, {best avoided} 1. To make a mess of, to make an error which causes confusion. * /The treasurer screwed up the accounts of the Society so badly that he had to be fired./ 2. To cause someone to be neurotic or… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • screw up — {v. phr.}, {slang}, {semi vulgar}, {best avoided} 1. To make a mess of, to make an error which causes confusion. * /The treasurer screwed up the accounts of the Society so badly that he had to be fired./ 2. To cause someone to be neurotic or… …   Dictionary of American idioms

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  • screw up — (something) to spoil or damage something. You couldn t screw up much worse than I did. Somehow the lawyer screwed up my appointment again. This is detailed work, and people screw it up once in a while …   New idioms dictionary

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