I. noun Etymology: Middle English streen progeny, lineage, from Old English strēon gain, acquisition; akin to Old High German gistriuni gain, Latin struere to heap up — more at strew Date: 13th century 1. a. lineage, ancestry b. a group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usually not morphological distinctions <
a high-yielding strain of winter wheat
; broadly a specified infraspecific group (as a stock, line, or ecotype) c. kind, sort <
discussions of a lofty strain
2. a. inherited or inherent character, quality, or disposition <
a strain of madness in the family
b. trace, streak <
a strain of fanaticism
3. a. tune, air b. a passage of verbal or musical expression c. a stream or outburst of forceful or impassioned speech 4. a. the tenor, pervading note, burden, or tone of an utterance or of a course of action or conduct b. mood, temper II. verb Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French estreindre, from Latin stringere to bind or draw tight, press together; akin to Greek strang-, stranx drop squeezed out, strangalē halter Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. to draw tight ; cause to fit firmly <
strain the bandage over the wound
b. to stretch to maximum extension and tautness <
strain a canvas over a frame
2. a. to exert (as oneself) to the utmost b. to injure by overuse, misuse, or excessive pressure <
strained his back
c. to cause a change of form or size in (a body) by application of external force 3. to squeeze or clasp tightly: as a. hug b. to compress painfully ; constrict 4. a. to cause to pass through a strainer ; filter b. to remove by straining <
strain lumps out of the gravy
5. to stretch beyond a proper limit <
that story strains my credulity
6. obsolete to squeeze out ; extort intransitive verb 1. a. to make violent efforts ; strive <
has to strain to reach the high notes
b. to pull against resistance <
a dog straining at its leash
c. to contract the muscles forcefully in attempting to defecate — often used in the phrase strain at stool 2. to pass through or as if through a strainer <
the liquid strains readily
3. to make great difficulty or resistance ; balk III. noun Date: 1558 1. an act of straining or the condition of being strained: as a. bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use <
heart strain
; especially one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments <
back strain
b. excessive or difficult exertion or labor c. excessive physical or mental tension; also a force, influence, or factor causing such tension <
a strain on the marriage
d. deformation of a material body under the action of applied forces 2. an unusual reach, degree, or intensity ; pitch 3. archaic a strained interpretation of something said or written

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Strain — Strain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. [ e]treindre, L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to E. strike …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • străin — STRĂÍN, Ă, străini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care face parte din populaţia altei ţări decât aceea în care se află sau trăieşte; (om, fiinţă) care este originară din altă regiune, localitate etc. decât aceea în care se află sau locuieşte,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Strain — Strain, n. 1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • strain — strain1 [strān] vt. [ME streinen < OFr estraindre, to strain, wring hard < L stringere, to draw tight: see STRICT] 1. to draw or stretch tight 2. to exert, use, or tax to the utmost [to strain every nerve] 3. to overtax; injure by… …   English World dictionary

  • strain# — strain n 1 *variety, subspecies, race, breed, cultivar, clone, stock 2 streak, vein, *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tincture, tinge, shade, smack, spice, dash strain vb 1 sprain (see under STRAIN n 2) *demur, scruple, balk, jib, shy,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • strain — [n1] pain, due to exertion ache, anxiety, bruise, brunt, burden, constriction, effort, endeavor, exertion, force, injury, jerk, pressure, pull, sprain, stress, stretch, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity, twist, wrench; concept 728 Ant. health …   New thesaurus

  • Strain — Strain, n. [See {Strene}.] 1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family. [1913 Webster] He is of a noble strain. Shak. [1913 Webster] With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Strain — (str[=a]n), v. i. 1. To make violent efforts. Straining with too weak a wing. Pope. [1913 Webster] To build his fortune I will strain a little. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — bezeichnet: die US amerikanische Schauspielerin Julie Strain den Manga Strain (Manga) von Ryoichi Ikegami Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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