I. preposition Etymology: Middle English thurh, thruh, through, from Old English thurh; akin to Old High German durh through, Latin trans across, beyond, Sanskrit tarati he crosses over Date: before 12th century 1. a. (1) — used as a function word to indicate movement into at one side or point and out at another and especially the opposite side of <
drove a nail through the board
(2) by way of <
left through the door
(3) — used as a function word to indicate passage from one end or boundary to another <
a highway through the forest
a road through the desert
(4) without stopping for ; past <
drove through a red light
b. — used as a function word to indicate passage into and out of a treatment, handling, or process <
the matter has already passed through her hands
2. — used as a function word to indicate means, agency, or intermediacy: as a. by means of ; by the agency of b. because of <
failed through ignorance
c. by common descent from or relationship with <
related through their grandfather
3. a. over the whole surface or extent of ; throughout <
homes scattered through the valley
b. — used as a function word to indicate movement within a large expanse <
flew through the air
c. — used as a function word to indicate exposure to a specified set of conditions <
put him through hell
4. — used as a function word to indicate a period of time: as a. during the entire period of <
all through her life
b. from the beginning to the end of <
the tower stood through the earthquake
c. to and including <
Monday through Friday
5. a. — used as a function word to indicate completion or exhaustion <
got through the book
went through the money in a year
b. — used as a function word to indicate acceptance or approval especially by an official body <
got the bill through the legislature
II. adverb Date: before 12th century 1. from one end or side to the other 2. a. from beginning to end b. to completion, conclusion, or accomplishment <
see it through
3. to the core ; completely <
soaked through
4. into the open ; out <
break through
III. adjective Date: 15th century 1. a. extending from one surface to another <
a through mortise
b. admitting free or continuous passage ; direct <
a through road
2. a. (1) going from point of origin to destination without change or reshipment <
a through train
(2) of or relating to such movement <
a through ticket
b. initiated at and destined for points outside a local zone <
through traffic
3. a. arrived at completion or accomplishment <
is through with the job
b. washed-up, finished

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

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  • through — [ θru ] function word *** Through can be used in the following ways: as a preposition (followed by a noun): They were riding through a forest. as an adverb (without a following noun): There s a hole in the roof where the rain comes through. as an …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • through — [thro͞o] prep. [ME thurgh, thrugh < OE thurh, akin to Ger durch < IE base * ter , through, beyond > L trans, across, Sans tiráḥ, through] 1. in one side and out the other side of; from end to end of 2. a) in the midst of [flying through… …   English World dictionary

  • Through — Through, prep. [OE. thurgh, [thorn]urh, [thorn]uruh, [thorn]oruh, AS. [thorn]urh; akin to OS. thurh, thuru, OFries. thruch, D. door, OHG. durh, duruh, G. durch, Goth. [thorn]a[ i]rh; cf. Ir. tri, tre, W. trwy. [root]53. Cf. {Nostril}, {Thorough} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, a. Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, adv. 1. From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through. [1913 Webster] 2. From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through. [1913 Webster] 3. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • through — There are two important uses which are still regarded as Americanisms but are beginning to make an impression on BrE: 1. As a preposition meaning ‘up to and including’, as in Monday through Friday. British speakers are aware of this use but still …   Modern English usage

  • through — c.1300, metathesis of O.E. þurh, from W.Gmc. *thurkh (Cf. O.S. thuru, O.Fris. thruch, M.Du. dore, Du. door, O.H.G. thuruh, Ger. durch, Goth. þairh through ), from PIE root *tere through (Cf. Skt. tirah, Avestan …   Etymology dictionary

  • through — [adj1] done buttoned up*, complete, completed, concluded, ended, finis*, finished, in the bag*, over, terminated, wound up*, wrapped up*; concepts 531,548 Ant. incomplete, unfinished through [adj2] direct constant, free, nonstop, one way, opened …   New thesaurus

  • through — ► PREPOSITION & ADVERB 1) moving in one side and out of the other side of (an opening or location). 2) so as to make a hole or passage in. 3) (preposition ) expressing the position or location of something beyond (an opening or an obstacle). 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • through — through; through·ly; through·ith·er; …   English syllables

  • through — I adjective completed, concluded, decided, done, done with, ended, finished, set at rest, settled, terminated II (By means of) adverb by means of, by the hand of, by way of, using, using the help of III (From beginning to end) adverb …   Law dictionary

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